Moving to Newfoundland & Labrador | TransCanadian Van Lines
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Trivia

  • This most easterly province is made up of Newfoundland (island) and Labrador (mainland).
  • Thousands of small islands are also included.
  • Labrador is larger and is bordered by Quebec. The North Atlantic Ocean is to the east.
  • The island of Newfoundland is surrounded by the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Atlantic Ocean.
  • The capital city and largest city is St. John’s.
  • flower – Pitcher Plant, tree – Black Spruce, bird – Atlantic Puffin.
  • motto – “Seek ye first the Kingdom of God.”

The people

  • About 508, 944 people live in Newfoundland and Labrador (2008).
  • Most of the population lives on the island of Newfoundland.
  • People live in fishing villages along the coast and small rural communities.
  • About 60% of the people live in towns and cities.
  • Early settlers mainly came from England, Ireland and Scotland.
  • About 96% are British and Irish, and about 2% are of French descent
  • Aboriginal ancestry include Micmac, Inuit, Innu and Métis.

Climate

  • In northern Labrador the climate is subarctic.
  • The Atlantic Ocean affects the climate.
  • Summers are cool and winters are long.
  • There are many storms, fog, strong winds, heavy precipitation and cold temperatures.
  • Newfoundland experiences more fog than any of the other Atlantic Provinces.

History

  • The first people of Newfoundland were the Beothuk (now extinct) who hunted caribou and fished.
  • For thousands of years ancestors of the Inuit hunted seal and polar bears along the Labrador coast.
  • Vikings (Norsemen) were the first to visit Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • Five hundred years later (in 1497) the explorer John Cabot arrived.
  • He claimed the “new found isle” for the King of England.
  • Fishermen from France, England, Spain and Portugal fished in the waters of the Grand Banks.
  • English, Irish and Scottish settlers built small villages along the coast.
  • In 1949 Newfoundland became a Canada’s tenth province.

Land and water

  • There are many bays and deep fiords along the coastlines.
  • Pack ice and icebergs can be seen off the coastline.
  • Much of the island, south and central Labrador – covered with thick forests, many rivers and lakes.
  • Torngat Mountains in Labrador – the most spectacular mountains east of the Rockies.
  • Gros Morne National Park (west coast of Newfoundland) – mountains, forests, lakes, sand dunes
  • Terra Nova National Park (east coast of Newfoundland) – rocky cliffs, rolling hills, forests, lakes, ponds
  • Continental Shelf off the coast – includes shallow areas (banks) and deeper areas (troughs and channels)
  • The Grand Banks – a shallow part of the Continental Shelf (less than 50 metres deep) that lie off the coast of Newfoundland.

Resources / industries

  • Main exports are oil, fish products, newsprint, iron ore and electricity.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador are part of the Canadian Shield.
  • Iron ore is produced in Labrador. (Steel is made from iron ore.)
  • Oil and gas are found under the Grand Banks.
  • Churchill Falls in Labrador is the second largest hydroelectric power plant in the world.
  • Fishermen catch cod, herring, Atlantic salmon, flounder, turbot, halibut, tuna and haddock.
  • Lobster, scallops, shrimp, and crab are also caught.
  • Overfishing caused a severe decline of fish in the Grand Banks.
  • Fish processing is an important industry.
  • Forests ( mostly coniferous trees ) cover one third of Newfoundland.
  • Summers are cool and the growing season is short.

Places and people

  • Signal Hill is a high cliff where Italian inventor Marconi received the first wireless signal (1901) from across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Titanic, a large passenger ship, sank in 1912 after hitting an iceberg south of Newfoundland.
  • A transatlantic telegraph cable was laid on the bottom of the ocean from Ireland to Heart’s Content, Newfoundland in 1866.
  • Joey Smallwood – first premier of Newfoundland, the main force for bringing Newfoundland into Confederation in 1949
  • Kevin Major – a Canadian children’s author lives in St.John’s.
  • W.Grenfell – a doctor and missionary in the early 1900s, who visited fishing villages along the coasts of Labrador and Newfoundland to care for the sick.
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