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Trivia

  • Manitoba is one of the three prairie provinces in Canada.
  • It is located in the centre of Canada.
  • Ontario is to the east and Saskatchewan to the west.
  • Nunavut and Hudson Bay are north and the United States is south.
  • “Manitoba” may come from the Cree words “manitou bou” meaning “strait of the Great Spirit”.
  • The name may also come from the Assiniboine words “mini” and “tobow” meaning “Lake of the Prairie”.
  • About 60 percent of the people live in the capital city of Winnipeg and its suburbs.
  • The second largest city is Brandon.
  • flower-Prairie Crocus , tree-White Spruce, bird-Great Gray Owl
  • Motto : “Glorious and Free”

The people

  • Manitoba is the home of over a million people.(1.2 million October 2008)
  • Winnipeg is the largest city. About 653,000 people live there. (2007)
  • Manitoba is home to many Métis and native peoples.
  • The native people include Assiniboine and Saulteaux; Northern, Woodland, and Swampy Cree; Chipewyan; and Inuit.
  • Ethnic backgrounds include British, German, Ukrainian, French, native people, Dutch, and Poles.

Climate

  • In the winter there are often blizzards with strong winds and extreme cold temperatures.
  • Polar air masses bring very cold air from the Arctic Ocean.
  • Winnipeg is the coldest major city in Canada.

History

  • The first people to live in Manitoba were the Assiniboine, Cree, Saulteaux, Chipewyan, Ojibwa.
  • They followed herds of bison and caribou.
  • Early explorers arrived through Hudson Bay in northern Manitoba.
  • Hudson’s Bay Company (created in 1670) set up fur trading posts along the rivers.
  • The early settlers were the British and French.
  • The first British settlement was Red River.
  • Louis Riel (1844-1885) was an influential Métis leader.
  • Riel and his people were concerned about the settlers taking over their land.
  • Manitoba became Canada’s fifth province in 1870.
  • Red River Cart trails were the first roads.
  • The railway brought thousands of settlers from eastern Canada and from all over the world.
  • Many settlers came from Ukraine and Iceland.

Land and water

  • The first people to live in Manitoba were the Assiniboine, Cree, Saulteaux, Chipewyan, Ojibwa.
  • They followed herds of bison and caribou.
  • Early explorers arrived through Hudson Bay in northern Manitoba.
  • Hudson’s Bay Company (created in 1670) set up fur trading posts along the rivers.
  • The early settlers were the British and French.
  • The first British settlement was Red River.
  • Louis Riel (1844-1885) was an influential Métis leader.
  • Riel and his people were concerned about the settlers taking over their land.
  • Manitoba became Canada’s fifth province in 1870.
  • Red River Cart trails were the first roads.
  • The railway brought thousands of settlers from eastern Canada and from all over the world.
  • Many settlers came from Ukraine and Iceland.
  • Manitoba is known as the land of 100,000 lakes.
  • Lake Winnipeg, Lake Winnipegosis and Lake Manitoba are three large lakes.
  • Lake Winnipeg is the third largest lake in Canada.
  • The Churchill River, Nelson River and Hayes River flow into Hudson Bay in northern Manitoba.
  • The Assiniboine, Souris, Winnipeg, and Red Rivers in southern Manitoba drain into Lake Winnipeg.
  • Forests of pine, hemlock and birch cover northern Manitoba.
  • The prairie region is in the southern part of the province.

Resources / industries

  • Manitoba lies in the area of Canada known as the Canadian Shield.
  • Minerals and metals are found in the Canadian Shield. (nickel, gold, copper, zinc, cobalt, gypsum)
  • Manitoba is a world leader in the production of nickel.
  • The large lakes are home to many species of fresh water fish. (whitefish, pike, walleye, pickerel, trout, and bass)
  • Thirty-seven percent of Manitoba is covered with forest.
  • Hydroelectric power is a very important industry.
  • Manitoba sells hydroelectric power to other provinces and to the US.
  • There are different types of farming in southern Manitoba:
    • One-third of the farmland is used for growing wheat.
    • Mills make wheat into flour.
    • The wheat is sold to other countries.
    • Farmers also grow canola, sunflowers, oats, rye, flax, buckwheat and field peas.
    • These crops are made into cereal and oil products.
    • Dairy farms produce milk, cheese, yogurt and cream.
    • There are also livestock farms.
  • Industries include manufacturing (farm equipment, buses, clothing, furniture), food processing, aerospace and transportation.

Places and people

  • The Royal Canadian Mint ( where coins are made ) is in Winnipeg.
  • The Viking at Gimli is a giant statue honoring the ancestors of the Icelandic people.
  • Churchill in northern Manitoba is “the polar bear capital of the world”. Polar bears make their dens near the town.
  • Wapusk National Park (Wapusk is a Cree word meaning “white bear”) located in Northern Manitoba protects one of the world’s largest known polar bear denning areas
  • Many festivals are held in Manitoba, including the Ukrainian Festival (Dauphin) and Icelandic Festival (Gimli).
  • Gabrielle Roy (1909-1983) and Margaret Laurence (1926-1987) – novelists
  • Nellie McClung (1873-1951) – fought for the rights of women
  • Jackson Beardy (1944-1984) – Cree artist
  • Louis Riel (1844-85) – Founding Father of Manitoba and leader of the Métis rebellions of 1870 and 1885
  • The Guess Who – a Canadian rock band from Winnipeg
  • Fred Penner (1946 – ) – musician, children’s entertainer
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