Moving to New Brunswick | TransCanadian Van Lines
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Moving to New Brunswick
New Brunswick is one of the four Atlantic provinces in Canada.
It is the third smallest province.
The province is named for the British royal family of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
It is called the Loyalist Province.
New Brunswick is Canada’s only officially bilingual province.
N.B. has a mainland and many islands.
Fredericton is the capital city.
flower – Purple Violet, tree – Balsam Fir, bird – Black-capped Chickadee
motto – “Hope was restored.”
The population was 729,997 (Statistics Canada, 2006)
Estimated population in 2008 was 747,300.
The largest and oldest city is Saint John.
Other major cities are Fredericton (the capital city) and Moncton.
Many people are of French, British, Scottish and Irish origin.
Over 32 percent of the population are Francophones.
Other groups include native people, Germans, Dutch, Scandinavians, Italians and Asians.
The northern half of the province has cold winters and warm summers.
Areas near the sea have milder winters and slightly cooler summers.
Moist air from the Atlantic Ocean produces mild weather in the winter and cool summers.
Winter storms bring rain to the Bay of Fundy coast and snow to the interior.
It is often foggy in the spring and early summer along the Bay of Fundy.
The first people to live in N.B. include the Micmac and Malecite.
The Micmac and Malecite hunted and fished and were guides for the French explorers.
The French mariner Jacques Cartier visited the east coast in 1534.
In 1604 Samuel de Champlain and the French established the first settlement.
The French called the east coast area Acadia.
By 1608 French settlers (called Acadians) were farming around the Bay of Fundy.
Acadia became an English colony in 1713.
Some of the people would not swear loyalty to England. Their homes were burned and they were sent away. Some went to Louisiana in the United States.
Amercan settlers founded the city of Saint John (oldest city in Canada).
In 1784 the north section of the colony became the new colony of New Brunswick.
The lumbering industy grew. Shipbuilding was a big industry.
The ships carried masts and other wood products around the world.
Thousands came from Ireland after 1846 to work in the lumber industry or to farm.
On July 1, 1867 New Brunswick became one of the first four provinces of Canada.
Water and land
More than half of the province is surrounded by water.
There are two coasts. The east coast faces the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Northumberland Strait; The Bay of Fundy is along the south coast.
Many bays and inlets along the coasts provide safe harbours for boats.
There are many rivers in the province.
The longest river is the Saint John River ( 670 km.long).
The Bay of Fundy between N.B. and Nova Scotia has the world’s highest tides (over 15 metres high).
Forests (mainly black spruce and fir) cover about 85 percent of N.B.
The Appalachian Mountains run along the western edge of the province.
Resources / industries
N.B. is the main producer of lead, zinc, copper and bismuth in Canada.
Gypsum, potash, antimony, silver, gold, natural gas and oil are also mined.
There are fishing ports where more than fifty kinds of fish and shellfish are caught (scallops, shrimp, herring, lobsters, snow crabs, mussels, oysters, etc. )
Lobster is the most valuable catch. Crab is second.
Aquaculture farms harvest salmon, trout, arctic char, oysters and mussels.
The main industry is forestry.
Paper, newspaper, magazines, tissue, wooden doors and windows are made.
There are livestock, dairy, poultry, potato and berry farms.
The main crop is potatoes. The Saint John River Valley is called the “Potato Belt.”
Apples, blueberries, strawberries, and cranberries are also grown.
Fiddleheads (sprouts of the ostrich fern) are gathered in early spring for eating.
People and places
R. Foulis invented the first steam foghorn (1860).
Romeo LeBlanc was the first Acadian to become a Governor-General of Canada.
Roch Voisine (song writer and singer ) won a Juno Award in 1993 for male vocalist.
Bliss Carmen (1861-1929) was one of Canada’s best known poets.
Sir Charles G.D. Roberts (1860-1943) was known as the Father of Canadian Poetry.
Donald Sutherland (1934- ) is a famous Hollywood actor.
The McCain Brothers established McCain Foods in 1957. The company is the largest producer of french fries and other oven-ready frozen food products in the world.
Hartland Bridge – world’s longest covered bridge (390 m. or 1283 ft. long)
Confederation Bridge (12.9 kilometres or 8 miles long ) – longest bridge in the world crossing ice-covered water. The bridge connects N.B. to Prince Edward Island.
Magnetic Hill in Moncton – an optical illusion.
Reversing Falls at St. John -water rushes uphill against the normal flow of the falls.
Whale watching – off the Bay of Fundy
Rocks Provincial Park (Bay of Fundy) – strange-shaped rocks called Flowerpot Rocks rise out of the sea
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