Moving to Prince Edward Island | TransCanadian Van Lines
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Moving to Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island is one of the Atlantic provinces on the east coast of Canada.
It is the smallest province.
The island lies in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
The Northumberland Strait separates Prince Edward Island from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
The capital city is Charlottetown.
The Island was named “Prince Edward” in honour of the father of Queen Victoria in 1799.
It is called “the Garden Province” because half of the land is cultivated.
flower – Lady’s Slipper, tree – Northern Red Oak, bird – Blue Jay
motto : “the small under the protection of the great”
Prince Edward Island is the home of 138,600 people.(2007 estimate)
Over 75 percent are of Scottish, Irish and English descent.
About 15 % are of French origin.
Charlottetown is the largest city with about 32, 174 people in 2006.
Summerside is the only other city.
There are seven incorporated towns.
The first people to live on the Island were the Mi’kmaq (Micmac).
They moved from place to place living in dwellings called wigwams.
In the winter they hunted and in the summer they fished.
Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, discovered the island in 1534.
In 1603 Champlain, another French explorer, came to the island.
In 1719 a French colony was formed.
In 1745 the English took over the island.
The French farmers were expelled.
The land was divided into large lots and given to British citizens.
Loyalists from the U.S. came in the 1780s.
Prince Edward Island became the seventh Canadian province in 1873.
Land and water
The province is about 224 km long and from 6 to 64 km wide.
Almost all of the soil is made up of red-coloured sandstone.
Most of the island consists of gently rolling hills.
There are no major lakes or rivers, just ponds, small brooks and streams.
Prince Edward Island National Park has a large beach with reddish sand, sand dunes, salt marshes and red sandstone cliffs.
There are over 90 sandy beaches for swimming and boating.
The northern coast is lined with sand dunes and sand bars.
temperature in July ranges from high of 23°C to a low of 14°C (average is 18°C)
In January, temperatures range from a high of -3°C to a low of -12°C (average is -7°C).
There are frequent winter storms with an average yearly snowfall of 300 cm.
It is also very windy on the island.
Resources / industries
Agriculture is the largest industry.
About thirty percent of Canada’s potatoes are grown in Prince Edward Island.
Other crops include fruits and vegetables (apples, strawberries, blueberries, carrots, onions, tomatoes) and cereal crops.
Almost half of the land is used for farming.
Food processing is an important industy (bottling, canning, freezing).
The second largest industry is tourism.
Fishing is the third largest industry.
Fishermen catch herring, tuna, cod and mackerel.
Lobsters are caught in traps.
Clams, scallops, mussels and oysters are farmed (in underwater hatcheries)
Oysters are harvested for Canada and the world.
Irish moss (a seaweed) is harvested by pulling a special rake along the rocks or on the sea floor.
It is used to thicken ice cream, cheese and toothpaste.
The Confederation Bridge joins New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.
The bridge was opened in 1997 and is almost 13 km long.
It takes 12 minutes to cross the bridge.
The bridge was built to withstand harsh wind and weather conditions, including ice floes.
Ferry boats travel from Nova Scotia to Prince Edward Island.
There are two airports.
People and places
Charlottetown is the “birthplace of Canada” where leaders met in 1864 to discuss the formation of our country
Tourists come from around the world to visit Green Gables House. It is a museum about L.M. Montgomery, author of the Anne of Green Gables books.
The Robert Harris Collection at the Confederation Centre of the Arts (in Charlottetown) consists of some 5,000 works of art.
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